Tryaksh International Journal of Medical and Clinical Case Studies


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Volume-2 Issue-1, 2020


Prevalence and Awareness of Urinary Schistosomiasis among Primary Schools Children in Alazozab Area. Khartoum September 2018

Mohamed Yahia Ibrahim1*, Almuaz Siddig Babiker2 and Amar Adam Mohamed3

1Medical graduate MBBS, Faculty of Medicine, National Ribat University, Senior House Officer at Al Academy Charity Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan
2Medical Graduate MBBS, Faculty of Medicine, National Ribat University, Senior House Officer at Alban Jaded Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan
3Lecturer at Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine /Director of Ribat Clinical Simulation Center, National Ribat University, Sudan

Suggested Citation :

Citation: Mohamed Yahia Ibrahim, Almuaz Siddig Babiker, Amar Adam Mohamed “Prevalence and Awareness of Urinary Schistosomiasis among Primary Schools Children in Alazozab Area. Khartoum September 2018". "Tryaksh International Journal of Medical and Clinical Case Studies (TIJMCCS)" Volume 2, Issue 1, 2020, pp. 1-5.

Abstract

Background /Aim: Urinary Schistosomiasis is widely distributed in most regions of Sudan. It is a major health issue after Malaria. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and awareness among primary school children in Al Azozab area to study the prevalence and awareness of urinary schistosomiasis among primary schools children In Alazozab and to determine the most common age group with a high prevalence of S.hematobium infection, to measure the prevalence of hematuria among the positive S. haematobium infection cases and to assess the awareness and attitude and practice of schools children about schistosomiasis.

Methods: A descriptive study was conducted in the period from 16 September - 11 October 2018 among primary school’s children aged 9 to 15 years old males. A total of 220 urine samples were examined, interview questionnaire done to the children.
Result: The overall prevalence of S. haematobium infection was 19.5%. There is a highly significant association between S. haematobium infection and the presence of hematuria.

Conclusion: The study showed an epidemiological event of a marked increase in the prevalence of S. haematobium infection in the Alazozab area. Regarding the overall results, we conclude that: The age group of (12-14) years has the highest prevalence (21%) of infection. There is highly significant association between S. haematobium infection and the presence of hematuria. Despite the good knowledge about the disease, there is a wrong attitude and practice due to the lack of knowledge about complications.

Keywords: S. haematobium, School Children, Alazozab

Full Text

1. INTRODUCTION

Schistosomiasis is a water -borne parasitic disease. It is caused by digenetic trematode flatworms (flukes) of the genus Schistosoma [1]. Schistosomiasis is one of the WHO most neglected diseases. It is a major tropical and subtropical disease commonly found spread in many African countries and other developing countries in Asia and South America, schistosomiasis is the most prevalent parasitic disease after malaria in terms of socioeconomic and public health importance in the developing world. Schistosomiasis affects almost 240 million people worldwide, and more than 700 million people live in endemic areas [1].
Schistosomiasis is prevalent in tropical and subtropical areas, especially in poor communities without access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation. It is estimated that at least 90% of those requiring treatment for Schistosomiasis live in Africa [2].
Nowadays schistosomiasis is prevalent in all states of Sudan and it has increased in distribution and prevalence as a result of progressive expansion in water resource development and population movement. Children who live close to water resources are more prone to being infected due to their lack of awareness. Morbidity is also increasing due to various clinical presentations and complications, therefore this study is primary designed to measure prevalence and awareness of urinary schistosomiasis among primary school children In the Alazozab area. Despite the availability of a potent drug, praziquantel, the control of the disease as a public health problem remains a challenge. Schistosomiasis leads to considerable morbidity and mortality. Among the world's serious parasitic diseases, schistosomiasis ranks second only to malaria in the number of people infected and the extent of the areas where the disease is endemic.

2. MATERIAL AND METHODS
Study Design
Non interventional descriptive cross-sectional study based on schools
Study Area
The study was conduct at Alazozab town, Khartoum, and Khartoum State, SUDAN. Which restricted by Abu adam from the south, wad Ageeb from west, Alamria town from the east and alshijara street from the north, this area close bhar abid.
Study Population
Primary Schools male children in AlAzozab area,
There were three schools (Wd Ageeb primary school which had 217 students, Alazozab primary school which had 316 students, Aldbasin which had 152 students.
Inclusion Criteria
• Male children in Governmental primary schools children in Alazozab
• 6th to 8th grade
Exclusion Criteria
• Females
• Below 6th grade

Sample Collection Methods
Tools for Data Collection & Technique: The collection tool was interview questionnaire, Urine containers for urine sample collection.
Analysis Tools:
• Statistical analysis done by statistical package of social services (SPSS)
• Microscope for urine analysis
Ethical Clearance
• We took permission from the Khartoum educational locality and the directors of the schools in which the study was conducted.
• We took the permission of the participants and their parents.
• We gave each student number resemble number that labelled in each container to inform infected participants.
This study posed no physical risk to participants through an interview of 5 minutes. Neither the participant's name nor his institution was used in any of the study material. informed consents were obtained from children and parents/ guardian of the children. All the information obtained from each study participant was kept confidential. All the infected children and their parents were informed and received treatment from the local health center.

3. RESULTS
A total of 220 urine samples of 220 males were randomly collected from (9-15) years old from 3 primary school children (Wd Ageeb,Alazozab,Aldbasin) in Alazozab area,Khartoum Sudan. The collection and diagnosis were done. 43 were found positive for S.haematobium, this constituted a 19.5% prevalence rate.


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