Tryaksh International Journal of Humanities


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Volume-1 Issue-1, 2020


The Hegemonic Influence of the United States in the Middle East Case Study: Israel’s Security

Hamid Sarmadi, PhD in Political Science, Department of Law and Politics, Bonab branch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, Iran.

Edris Hassanpour, M.A, Student of International Relations, Department of Law and Politics, Bonabbranch, Islamic Azad University, Bonab, Iran.

Suggested Citation :

Citation: Edris Hassanpour, M.A, Hamid Sarmadi. The Hegemonic Influence of the United States in the Middle East Case Study: Israel’s Security, Tryaksh International Journal of Humanities (TIJH), Volume 1 Issue 1: Tryaksh. 1(1): 1-8.

Abstract

At the foreign policy level of hegemonic power in the post-Cold War international system, ideas play a pivotal role in justifying the goals of U.S. foreign policy as hegemonic power in the international system and, consequently, guide the country’s performance on the universal stage. In this respect, US foreign policy during recent decades has been based on comprehensive support and absolute alignment with Israel’s interests in the Middle East and at the level of the international system. This article aims at examining the hegemonic influence of the United States in the Middle East with a focus targeted at Israel’s security. The most important legacy of US foreign policy over the Middle East has been Israel’s strategic shift toward building security of Israel in the Middle East. On the other hand, unilateralism based on Israel’s security has been at odds with security in the Middle East.

Keywords: United States, Israel, Jewish lobby, foreign policy - unilateralism, hegemony, realism

Full Text

Introduction
The unilateralism of the United States after the collapse of the bipolar structure of the Cold War is the most important structural challenge to the post-Cold War international system. This unilateralism, due to the lack of balance of power between the great powers, has had consequences for the establishment of order in the context of the international system. The central role of the United States and its willingness to intervene in the overall process of maintaining order in the contemporary international system. This order is based on American unilateralism, which is called the hegemonic order. As a result, after the collapse of the bipolar structure of the Cold War, the country tried to expand its hegemony in the international system, according to its interpretation of some treaties, international regimes. Reconsider international law, which was the legacy of the structure of the international system of the Cold War.Due to its potential geopolitical and geostrategic capacities, West Asia has always been considered and intervened by global and trans-regional powers, and a significant part of the security order of this region and its evolution is the manner of entry and exit and the type of action and strategy of trans-regional powers. It depends on it. The mode of entry and exit and the type of action and strategy of supra-regional powers in the equations of this region have been influenced by two factors: First, the prioritization, level, and extent of the benefits that trans-regional powers define for themselves in this region; And second, the desire of the countries of the region to benefit from supra-regional powers to enter the equation of regional competition. Given the situation in the region, the rapprochement with Israel over the past half-century has been one of the most important issues in US foreign policy. The Cold War’s foreign policy in the Middle East was defined primarily by its macro-strategy, especially the influence of the Soviet Union and its satellites, and its reflection in the Middle East put a kind of conservatism and protection of the status quo on the political elite’s agenda. Foreigners put this country. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, and especially the events of September 11, 2001, brought about changes in American foreign policy that we have seen directly reflected in the Middle East. US aggressive and pre-emptive foreign policy in Afghanistan and Iraq has marked a shift in US foreign policy in the early 21st century. Two ongoing issues in US foreign policy toward the Middle East, namely Israel and oil, competed with each other in terms of priority. In the first stage, during the early presidencies - Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy - these two issues seemed to be balancing each other. Later, despite many security challenges in the Middle East, Israel gained weight.The fundamental question, then, is: What has been the purpose of US foreign policy in the Middle East, and especially in Israel?

The hypothesis of the article is that all US actions and policies in the Middle East are directly related to the security of Israel, and in particular the activities of pro-Israel lobbies in that country, especially the AIPAC lobby.

References

James Duerty and Robert Faltzgraf, Contradictory Theories in International Relations, translated by AlirezaTayeb and VahidBozorgi, published by Qoms, Volume 1, 1993, p. 129.

Mushirzadeh, Homeira, Transformation in Theories ofInternational Relations, Tehran: Samat Publications, Third Edition, 2007, pp. 83-79

Ghavam, Seyed Abdolali, International Relations: Theories and Approaches, Tehran: Samat Publications, 2005, p. 357

Hartman, Jürgen, International Relations, translated by JavadGhodsi, Tehran: Published in 2011. P. 21

Jackson, Robert and Georg Sorenson, An Introduction to International Relations, translated by Mehdi Zakarian, and Ahmad Taghizadeh and Hassan Saeed Kalahi, Tehran: Mizan Publishing, Second Edition, 2006, p. 37


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