Volume-1 Issue-1, 2020
Al-Ghazali about Ethics of Travel
Candidate of Historical Sciences, the Tajik State University of Law, Business and Politics (TSULBP), Tajikistan.
Suggested Citation :
Citation: M.Sh. Fayzullaeva. Al-Ghazali about Ethics of Travel, Tryaksh International Journal of Humanities (TIJH), Volume 1 Issue 1: Tryaksh. 1(1): 1-2. Corresponding Author: M.Sh. Fayzullaeva, Candidate of Historical Sciences, the Tajik State University of Law, Business and Politics (TSULBP), Tajikistan. Copyright: © M.Sh. Fayzullaeva, Open Access 2020. This article, published in Tryaksh International Journal of Humanities, is available under a Creative Commons License (Attribution 4.0 International), as described by http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/.
Abstract This article presents the ideas of Al-Ghazali about the ethics of travel and the benefits of the trip. Keywords: rules of travel, the etiquette of traveller, decorum, courtesy
Abuhamid Muhammad Ghazali (1059-1111) is one of the Persian-Tajik philosophers. He investigated ethics behaviour in many spheres. This article describes travel ethics developed by Al-Ghazali. Muhammad Ghazali recommends travelling. Because travel also a means of cultivating human character. It restores energy and human health, protection of well-being, compliance the etiquette of travel will bring safe and calmer. If a person is constantly thinking about wealth and it prevents him from progressing, he should travel to a place unknown and unnoticed to correct himself. A man should live in a place where life is easy so that body is healthy and your mind is calm. Al-Ghazali divides the journey into inner and outer. Observation of celestial and terrestrial creatures is an inner journey where the human body travels at home and the soul travels in the sky. The scientist lists several types of external travel. The journey for the study science, which will increase one’s love, devotion and patience. A trip to the sea, mountains and deserts will refresh mood and body. It is enough to go on such a trip from time to time. It is good to travel with the intention of Hajj, pilgrimage and to the burial place of great people. Travel to meet with scientists is acceptable for them, which searching for knowledge. Travel is allowed to get rid of bad habits. A person is free to act as he pleases in his home and loves his qualities. But in the pain of the journey, he becomes aware of his bad behavior and tries to correct it. It is good to travel for business, the purpose of which is to provide for the family. However, if the purpose of the journey is to earn much money and on proud of it, it is a satanic act. Most people waste their lives accumulating wealth and eventually die in exile, which is a loss of time. His heirs spend it for themselves, not remembering the owner of the property and not fulfilling his will. Al-Ghazali also defines the etiquette of travel as being a depositor and a debtor, repaying them, finding family expenses and travel; to say goodbye to friends and put them in the shelter of the Creator; before leaving, a person should have good intentions so that will be safe from humiliation and wrong behavior during the trip. The journey’s belongings should not be heavy. Travel should be accompanied by at least three people travelling together and one of them should be guided so he should be cheerful and experienced. It is necessary to walk for an hour in the morning and evening to circulate the blood vessels of the legs without obstruction, to take into account the interests of others, to create favorable conditions for them, to be patient and to ask consent of accompanying. When a person returns to home and met with his family and should be thankful for the success of the trip. The ethical rules of travel that Al-Ghazali developed are noteworthy. Compliance with these rules of etiquette will bring the traveller and his people around him contentment and peace. Successful travel will change a person bodily and morally. For a safely trip, everyone needs to know the etiquette of travel.
References 1. Koran./ Trans. Arabic Krachkovskiy I. U. http://kob. su/quran/krac 2. Abuhamid Ghazali. Nasihat-ul-muluk. -Dushanbe: Irfon, 2011. Open Access Tryaksh International Journal of Humanities (TIJH) http://tryakshpublications.com/journals/single/Humanities TIJH: Short Note Al-Ghazali about Ethics of Travel M.Sh. Fayzullaeva Candidate of Historical Sciences, the Tajik State University of Law, Business and Politics (TSULBP), Tajikistan. Abstract This article presents the ideas of Al-Ghazali about the ethics of travel and the benefits of the trip. Keywords: rules of travel, the etiquette of traveller, decorum, courtesy. Tryaksh International Journal of Humanities (TIJH)| Volume 1| Issue 1 2 3. Abuhamid Ghazali. Research innermost secrets of the heart. /Trans. Arabic A. Miniyanova.-Moscow:Ansar, 2006. – URL: http://islamvera.ru/biblioteka/. 4. Abuhamid Ghazali. Alchemy of Happiness. /Kimei Saodat / - Tashkent: Adolat, 2005. 5. Abuhamid Ghazali. Mukoshafat-ul-Kulub. / Trans. Arabic Miraziz Azam. - Tashkent: Adolat, 2002. 6. Abuhamid Ghazali. O son. / Trans. Yuldosh Eshbek.- Tashkent: Movarounnahr, 2005.
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